- To use an intentionally noncommittal or ambiguous statement
- To use evasive or deliberately vague language
- To avoid fulfilling or answering a question completely
- To be confidently uncertain
- To use verbal and adverbial expressions such as can, perhaps, may, suggest, which deal with degrees of probability
In order to distinguish between facts and claims, writers often use tentative language such as it seems likely that… or arguably…. This technique is called hedging or vague language. Hedging is crucial in academic discourse, and hedge words account for approximately 1 word in every 100 in scientific articles.
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